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Red Velvet (Hangul: 레드벨벳) is a South Korean girl group formed by SM Entertainment . The group debuted on August 1, 2014, with their digital single "Happiness " and with four members: Irene, Seulgi, Wendy and Joy. In March 2015, Red Velvet added a fifth member, Yeri, to the group.

Since their debut, Red Velvet has experienced success and recognition. Their first EP, Ice Cream Cake, topped the Gaon Album Chart in early 2015. Similarly, the group's first full-length album The Red (2015) and the extended plays The Velvet, Russian Roulette, both released in 2016, and Rookie (2017) all reached #1 on the Gaon Album Chart. Additionally, The Red, Rookie and The Red Summer (2017) also topped the Billboard World Albums, and with the release of their second studio album Perfect Velvet (2017), they became the K-pop girl group with the most number-one albums on the chart and tied for most number-one albums among all K-pop acts. They have received several awards for music, choreography, or popularity, including the Golden Disc New Artist Award and the Mnet Asian Music Award for Best Female Group in 2017.



Seulgi was the first member to be cast as an SM Entertainment trainee through an audition in 2007, while Irene was cast in 2009, and Yeri in 2011. In 2012, Wendy and Joy were cast through the SM Global Auditions in Canada and Seoul respectively. Irene and Seulgi were introduced initially to the public through the agency's pre-debut team SM Rookies in 2013, followed by Wendy in 2014. The three members were rumored to debut as a group in July, which was then confirmed by SM Entertainment. With the addition of member Joy, the four-member group would debut as Red Velvet, SM Entertainment's first girl group in five years since f(x).

2014–2015: Debut, new member Yeri, Ice Cream Cake and The RedEdit

On August 1, 2014, Red Velvet made their official debut stage on the music program Music Bank. Their debut single, "Happiness", was digitally released on August 4. The song was penned by Yoo Young-jin and composed by Will Simms, Chad Hugo (The Neptunes), Chris Holsten, and Anne Judith Wik (Dsign Music). It was described as an urban Europop song with a strong synth sound and an African tribal beat. The original music video for "Happiness" gained more than 2 million views on YouTube in its first 24 hours of release before being removed due to controversy over problematic background images and replaced with an edited version. "Happiness" was the second-most viewed K-pop music video worldwide for the month of August.

Red Velvet released their second digital single "Be Natural" and its music video on October 13, 2014. The song, which includes a rap verse by NCT member Taeyong, is a remake of the 2000 song of the same name by S.E.S., SM Entertainment's first girl group. The music video for the song was directed by Kwon Soon-wook and Shim Jae-won, choreographed by Kyle Hanagami, and features original choreography seen in a pre-debut teaser of Irene and Seulgi, which they performed as part of SM Rookies. The group started their promotions on October 9, making their first appearance on the music program, M Countdown. The song peaked at number 33 on the Gaon Digital Chart and at number 6 on Billboard's World Digital Songs chart.

On March 11, 2015, SM Rookies member Yeri was officially announced as part of the group. On March 15, the group's first mini-album Ice Cream Cake was released. The group promoted with double lead singles "Automatic" and "Ice Cream Cake" for which the music videos were released on March 14 and 15. On March 19, the group held their album showcase on Ice Cream TV, a program streamed through Naver Music and hosted by Shinee's Minho. On March 27, they won their first music show trophy on KBS's Music Bank. The album went on to become the best selling album by a girl group in South Korea for the first half of 2015 on the Hanteo Chart. In August 2015, Red Velvet held their first U.S. performance during the annual KCON convention and music festival in Los Angeles, California.

Red Velvet's first full-length album, The Red, was released on September 9, 2015, with a total of ten tracks including the lead single "Dumb Dumb". The album was an immediate success which was received positively by critics: Billboard's Jeff Benjamin called The Red "an impressive, solid debut album", stating that it "indicates big things for the act that needs to follow in the footsteps of their beloved female label mates Girls' Generation and f(x)."The Red debuted at #1 on Billboard's World Albums Chart and South Korea's Gaon Album Chart, and also appeared in Billboard's list of the "10 Best K-Pop Albums of 2015", which described the album as "one of the year's most enjoyable and experimental pop LPs." "Dumb Dumb" peaked at number three on Billboard World Digital Songs chart, making it the best-selling K-pop song in America of the week. The single also topped the list of the "Top 20 K-pop Tracks of 2015" by Dazed, which stated that the group has "surpassed their idol competitors" and "marked a monumental, career-crowning musical tornado". The music video for "Dumb Dumb" was included as the only non-English language entry in Rolling Stone's "10 Best Music Videos of 2015". On December 18, the group took part in S.M. Entertainment's special winter project Winter Garden, alongside label-mates f(x) and BoA, releasing a digital single titled "Wish Tree".


Member Position
Red Velvet Irene pfp Irene (아이린) Leader, Main Rapper, Lead Dancer, Vocalist, Visual, Face of the Group
Red Velvet Seulgi pfp Seulgi (슬기) Main Dancer, Lead Vocalist, Center
Red Velvet Wendy pfp Wendy (웬디) Main Vocalist
Red Velvet Joy pfp Joy (조이) Lead Rapper, Vocalist
Red Velvet Yeri pfp Yeri (예리) Rapper, Vocalist, Maknae



Studio albumsEdit

Mini albumsEdit

Digital singlesEdit



Mini albumsEdit


Reality showEdit

Year Title Network No. of Episodes Note
2017 Level Up Project! Oksusu
True ID (Thailand)
23 Joy didn't appear in this show due to her schedule for drama The Liar and His Lover.
2018 Level Up Project! Season 2 Oksusu
True ID


Year Title Role Note
2015 SMTown: The Stage Themselves Biographical film

Concert and toursEdit

Headlining concertsEdit

Red Velvet "Red Room" ConcertEdit

Date Location Venue Attendance
August 18, 2017 Seoul, South Korea Olympic Hall 11,000
August 19, 2017
August 20, 2017
March 28, 2018 Tokyo, Japan Musashino Forest Sports Plaza 20,000
March 29, 2018

Headlining toursEdit

Red Velvet Hall Tour in Japan “Red Room” 2018Edit

Date City Country Venue
May 25, 2018 Sapporo, Hokkaido Japan Wakuwaku Holiday Hall
May 27, 2018 Aichi Ichinomiya City Hall
May 30, 2018 Hiroshima JMS Aster Plaza Great Hall
June 1, 2018 Fukuoka Fukuoka International Conference Hall
June 4, 2018 Osaka Orix Theater
June 5, 2018
June 7, 2018 Kanagawa Pacifico Yokohama National Convention Hall
June 8, 2018


  • Red Velvet “ReVeluv-Baby Party” Premium Showcase in Japan (2017)

Concert participationEdit

  • SM Town Live World Tour IV (2014–2015)
  • SM Town Live World Tour V (2016)
  • SM Town Live World Tour VI (2017–2018)

Official linksEdit



To view the Red Velvet gallery, click here.